Applications of Anhydrous Ammonia and Aqueous Ammonia

Ammonia Applications

  • Manufacturing of Chemicals

    Manufacturing of Chemicals

    Ammonia is used for making a number of compounds including Amines, Nitriles, Hydrogen cyanide, Hydrazine, Hydroxylamine, Ammonium carbonate, Phenol, Urea, Amino acids, etc.

  • Fermentation

    Fermentation

    Ammonia solutions are used in the fermentation industry where they act as the sources of nitrogen for microorganisms. They also adjust pH during the fermentation process.

  • Antimicrobial Agent

    Antimicrobial Agent

    Ammonia is an effective antimicrobial agent and anhydrous ammonia is commercially used to eliminate microbial contamination of beef. It is also considered as a strong antiseptic.

  • Manufacturing of Acrylic and Nylon Fibres

    Manufacturing of Acrylic and Nylon Fibres

    Acrylonitrile is used in the production of acrylic fibres and various resins. Acrylonitrile is produced by the catalytic oxidation of propylene and ammonia About 0.48 tonnes of ammonia are needed to produce one tonne of acrylonitrile
    Caprolactam is used principally in the production of nylon 6 fibres. In the production of caprolactam‚ ammonia is used to maintain a reaction pH of 7 in one step‚ and in another step ammonia is used to neutralize sulfuric acid

  • Metallurgy, Metal Treatment & Steel

    Metallurgy, Metal Treatment & Steel

    In this metallurgy applications ammonia is cracked to produce a “dissociated ammonia” that consists of 75% hydrogen and 25% nitrogen. Disassociated ammonia is used as a reducing atmosphere in heat-treating several metals, as a source of nitrogen in the nitriding and carbo-nitriding processes for case-hardening of steels, for the reduction of metal oxides, for sintering, for brazing, for glass-to-metal seals and for metallizing. Applications where protective atmospheres are required dissociated ammonia is used as nitriding, carbonitriding, bright annealing, furnace brazing, sintering, sodium hydride descaling, and atomic hydrogen welding.

  • Explosives

    Explosives

    Used in the manufacturing of ammonium nitrate, (NH4NO3) which is also used for making the explosives.

  • Refrigeration

    Refrigeration

    Ammonia is used for making ice, large scale refrigeration plants, and air conditioning units in buildings.

  • Pharmaceuticals

    Pharmaceuticals

    Ammonia is used in the manufacture of API’s and, drugs which inhibit the growth and multiplication of certain types of bacteria in addition to various other uses in Pharmaceutical Manufacturing and as a Neutralising agent.

  • Fertilizer

    Fertilizer

    Liquid fertilizer consists of ammonia, ammonium nitrate, urea, and aqua ammonia; also used to produce ammonium and nitrate salts.

  • Livestock Feeds

    Livestock Feeds

    Ammonia based chemicals are used as a source of protein to feed ruminating livestock animals such as cattle, sheep, and goats.

  • Crop Protection

    Crop Protection

    Ammonia can also be used as a pre-harvest cotton defoliant, an anti-fungal agent on certain fruits and as a preservative for the storage of high-moisture corn.

  • Petroleum Industry

    Petroleum Industry

    Utilizes ammonia in neutralizing the acid constituents of crude oil and for the protection of equipment from corrosion.

  • Mining Industry

    Mining Industry

    Uses ammonia for the extraction of metals such as copper, nickel, and molybdenum from their ores.

  • Stack Emission Control Systems - DeNox and DeSox

    Stack Emission Control Systems - DeNox and DeSox

    Ammonia is used in stack emission control systems to neutralize sulfur oxides from combustion of sulphur-containing fuels, and as a method of NOx control in both catalytic and non-catalytic applications and to enhance the efficiency of electrostatic precipitators for particulate control. It is the prime material used for reduction of Nitrous Oxide in Thermal power house stack emissions.

  • Food & Beverage

    Food & Beverage

    Ammonia is a widely used refrigerant in industrial refrigeration systems and is also used as a source of nitrogen needed for yeast and microorganisms.

  • Rubber and Leather Industries

    Rubber and Leather Industries

    In rubber, ammonia is used for the stabilization of natural and synthetic latex to prevent premature coagulation. The leather industry uses it as a curing agent, as a slime and mould preventative in tanning liquors and as a protective agent for leathers and furs in storage.

  • Pulp and Paper Industry

    Pulp and Paper Industry

    Uses ammonia for pulping wood and as a casein dispersant in the coating of paper.

  • Effleunt Control & Neutralisation

    Effleunt Control & Neutralisation

    Ammonia is widely used as a neutralising agent for acid correction and PH control in various effluent treatment plants of industry & waste water management.