Ammonia is used for making a number of compounds including Amines, Nitriles, Hydrogen cyanide, Hydrazine, Hydroxylamine, Ammonium carbonate, Phenol, Urea, Amino acids, etc.
Ammonia solutions are used in the fermentation industry where they act as the sources of nitrogen for microorganisms. They also adjust pH during the fermentation process.
Ammonia is an effective antimicrobial agent and anhydrous ammonia is commercially used to eliminate microbial contamination of beef. It is also considered as a strong antiseptic.
Acrylonitrile is used in the production of acrylic fibres and various resins. Acrylonitrile is produced by the catalytic oxidation of propylene and ammonia About 0.48 tonnes of ammonia are needed to produce one tonne of acrylonitrile
Caprolactam is used principally in the production of nylon 6 fibres. In the production of caprolactam‚ ammonia is used to maintain a reaction pH of 7 in one step‚ and in another step ammonia is used to neutralize sulfuric acid
In this metallurgy applications ammonia is cracked to produce a “dissociated ammonia” that consists of 75% hydrogen and 25% nitrogen. Disassociated ammonia is used as a reducing atmosphere in heat-treating several metals, as a source of nitrogen in the nitriding and carbo-nitriding processes for case-hardening of steels, for the reduction of metal oxides, for sintering, for brazing, for glass-to-metal seals and for metallizing. Applications where protective atmospheres are required dissociated ammonia is used as nitriding, carbonitriding, bright annealing, furnace brazing, sintering, sodium hydride descaling, and atomic hydrogen welding.
Used in the manufacturing of ammonium nitrate, (NH4NO3) which is also used for making the explosives.
Ammonia is used for making ice, large scale refrigeration plants, and air conditioning units in buildings.
Ammonia is used in the manufacture of API’s and, drugs which inhibit the growth and multiplication of certain types of bacteria in addition to various other uses in Pharmaceutical Manufacturing and as a Neutralising agent.
Liquid fertilizer consists of ammonia, ammonium nitrate, urea, and aqua ammonia; also used to produce ammonium and nitrate salts.
Ammonia based chemicals are used as a source of protein to feed ruminating livestock animals such as cattle, sheep, and goats.
Ammonia can also be used as a pre-harvest cotton defoliant, an anti-fungal agent on certain fruits and as a preservative for the storage of high-moisture corn.
Utilizes ammonia in neutralizing the acid constituents of crude oil and for the protection of equipment from corrosion.
Uses ammonia for the extraction of metals such as copper, nickel, and molybdenum from their ores.
Ammonia is used in stack emission control systems to neutralize sulfur oxides from combustion of sulphur-containing fuels, and as a method of NOx control in both catalytic and non-catalytic applications and to enhance the efficiency of electrostatic precipitators for particulate control. It is the prime material used for reduction of Nitrous Oxide in Thermal power house stack emissions.
Ammonia is a widely used refrigerant in industrial refrigeration systems and is also used as a source of nitrogen needed for yeast and microorganisms.
In rubber, ammonia is used for the stabilization of natural and synthetic latex to prevent premature coagulation. The leather industry uses it as a curing agent, as a slime and mould preventative in tanning liquors and as a protective agent for leathers and furs in storage.
Uses ammonia for pulping wood and as a casein dispersant in the coating of paper.
Ammonia is widely used as a neutralising agent for acid correction and PH control in various effluent treatment plants of industry & waste water management.